|WORK is||the definition and pursuit of interests.||the expression of identities.||the individual empowerment of activists.||the building of solidarity between activists.|
|CONSTITUENTS seek||the definition and pursuit of their own interests.||the expression of their own identities.||their own empowerment.||their own collective binding into a movement.|
|ADHERENTS seek||the definition and pursuit of the interests of others.||the expression of others’ identities.||the empowerment of others.||the collective binding of others into a movement.|
|In work of LOW AMBITION||Interests are not defined by the persons whose interests they are, but by others. |
Interests are already-formed (‘crystallized’).
|Identity claim is based on similarity.|
Claims are petitions from below. Tolerance and respect are sought for the new identity.
|Activists learn already-existing capabilities they do not possess (and others do).|
Activists acquire such capabilities through instruction (as pupils).
|Activists keep politics and life apart until the goal is achieved.
Activists embrace only the same goal.
|In work of HIGH AMBITION||Interests are defined by the persons whose interests they are. |
Interests are emergent.
|Identity claim is based on distinctness. |
Claims are demands from equality. Recognition and esteem are sought for the new identity.
|Activists discover, develop and assess capabilities they already possess. |
Activists acquire such capabilities through interactive discussion between teachers and taught.
|Activists live their politics now.
Activists seek to share everything with everyone (e.g. feeling the same way)
|MOTIVATION —»||RATIONAL SELF-INTEREST||MORAL OBLIGATIONS||SOCIAL NORMS|
|CONSTITUENTS||Collective benefits of goal accomplishment (and selective incentives).||Reciprocal moral obligations to each other.||Conjoint norms of reciprocity.|
|ADHERENTS||Selective incentives.||Non-reciprocal moral obligations to others.||Disjoint norms of service.|
|DISJOINT approaches||‘Championing’||‘Validating’||‘Instruction’||‘Unlived politics’|
|CONJOINT approaches||‘Allying’||‘Crossing over’||‘Co-learning’||‘Prefiguration’|